Yemanja is the patron saint of fishermen. It is she who decides the fate of all those who enter the sea. It is also considered as the "Brazilian Aphrodite", the goddess of love who resort lovers in cases of loving disaffection.
Yemanja is a feminine Orisha (African deity) of Candomblé and Umbanda religions. Its name originates in accordance with language Yoruba "Yeye omo Eja", meaning "Mother whose children are like fish."
Devotees take to the sea several gifts that are considered rejected when no sink or when they are returned to the beach.
Among the various offerings to the beautiful and vain goddess, are flowers, jewelry, perfume bottles, soap, mirrors and food. The ritual is repeated in other beaches of Brazil.
The festival is an ancient tradition among the natives and residents of Trancoso. São Brás is the patron of the District and the natives erected a colorful flagpole in front of the Church of St. John the Baptist in the Square.
There is a mass and procession during the day and then almost the whole city meets the Square partying all night until sunrise, which attracts a lot of tourists who are in town.
At the end of the party, the partier of the year passes the mast to the partier next year, ensuring that the tradition of celebrating remain.
The party actually begins several days before the January 20 meeting with the organizing committee and the various chants assays in Square, the main square of the village.
It culminates in the afternoon of January 20 with a procession in which a statue of San Sebastian, beside the Saint Blaise statue which has its festival celebrated on the 3rd of February, runs through the village of Trancoso and the end in front of the Church of St. John the Baptist, this patron of the town, is made a tribute to the "stick dance" and the replacement of the wooden pole made exclusively by men, with the saint's flag at the top that there will be for another year.